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What is Dissociative Identity Disorder (DID) ?
Dissociative Identity Disorder , or DID, is a named disorder within the Disorders Services Manual version IV. This type of disorder relates to dissociation or the process of “splitting off” from consciousness to avoid the pain and deny the event.
According to the psychiatric Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (Version IV) (DSMIV), it defines several types of such disorders but one key type is Dissociative Identity Disorder (DID) which was formerly referred to as Multiple Personality Disorder (MPD).
This disorder is characterised by a person exhibiting more than one distinct personality, each having a particular pattern of self-perception, comprehension, behaviour, and way of relating to their environment.
If a person can be considered to have only one “seat of consciousness” in any moment, then from time to time, each autonomous secondary personality which is called an “alter”, can “jump into the seat” from time to time, and effectively run the person for a while, often leaving them amnesic that this is occurring.
This third type of trauma is often found from persons exposed to severe ongoing abuse, such as cult and religious mind control ritual abuse. There is an ongoing debate within psychiatric circles regarding the existence of this disorder.
There is an argument that DID is an intense subjective illusion created by the mind to cope with overwhelming trauma – with the trauma being too much for one mind or person to cope with, so a virtual inner team of “alters” is created.
Each “team member” is a container to hold intense traumas from the past and helps to deal with a more tolerable subcomponent of the whole picture of the person’s trauma. The second model is the socio-cognitive model, or “Recovered Memory” model which suggests DID does not exist prior to therapy, but instead is created by unskilled therapists.
Here it is the therapist, who creates and reinforces it by therapy processes where the role is unconsciously enacted and reinforced in response to therapist cues, suggestions and leading questions. We do not take a position in this debate.
We refer on clients presenting with DID to a psychiatrist who are best trained to deal with this disorder. If upon reading this information you think you may have some form of Anxiety then You should consult with a mental health professional like a clinical psychologist , psychiatrist or psychotherapist for further advice.